Stress (from the English stress - “load, tension”) is a reaction of a living organism to external stimuli, which allows you to adapt to the environment. A sharp, prolonged change in familiar conditions leads to the development of diseases and can even cause the death of the body.
Rabbits are very tender animals, subject to various influences. From unfavorable conditions, the pet can become chubby and even seriously ill.
A healthy rabbit is active, loves attention, has a good mood and appetite. The fur of the pet glistens, the respiratory rate is about 60 per minute, the pulse is uniform, 120-160 beats per minute, the temperature is 38.5-39.5 degrees.
Stress can be associated with relocation to a new cage, a car trip, sudden sounds or sudden light in the dark. Of great importance is the change in diet or daily routine, lack of water, a long lack of food.
The health status of the wards is significantly affected by the microclimate of the room. Rabbits do not tolerate heat, stuffiness, direct sunlight, drafts and high humidity. For them, insufficient ventilation, harmful impurities in the air are dangerous.
A serious cause of stress is various surgical interventions (including sterilization or castration), injuries, bone fractures, infectious diseases, as well as preventive vaccination and vaccinations.
Caught in a stressful situation, a small pet is hiding in an unusual place, refuses favorite food, does not respond to sounds. Atypical behavior, a depressed appearance, and increased anxiety are characteristic. In some cases, loss of consciousness and paralysis of the limbs. Body temperature rises. Disturbed breathing, palpitations, digestion and urine output. The coat loses its luster, becomes dull and may fall out. The mucous membranes turn pale, acquire a bluish or dark red hue.
Often, severe effects cause serious illness and even death of the animal. For example, stress or fright can cause limb paralysis.
All these disorders go away on their own, if they are short-term and moderately expressed, but often lead to serious illnesses, so a consultation with a veterinarian is highly desirable. It is important that in such situations, the baby needs the attention and care of others.
The rabbit is in great need of communication, from loneliness he is in constant stress. However, due to natural timidity, the baby needs time to get used to an unfamiliar environment.
The main thing in taming the ward is not to rush. Negligent treatment is disastrous for him.
The animal calms down faster if you give him some goodies, calmly talk, do not make sudden movements and in no case forcefully hold on to it.
It is necessary to pick up an eared pet carefully, stroking, while speaking quietly and gently. Take the baby with one hand under the chest, and the other under the hind legs.
Stroking the baby, without changing the position in which he is at his choice (lies on the floor, on the sofa, etc.). You can do a light, tangent massage with your fingertips, talking quietly with your pet.
Do not touch the sleeping animal, touch its chin, mustache, heels, paws.
It must be remembered that rabbits have very fragile bones. If a frightened baby jumps out of her hands, she could be seriously injured.
You should be aware that due to improper maintenance, the behavior of the pet is disturbed.
By nature, an eared pet is calm and friendly, but if you do not comply with its needs, it becomes aggressive, which can be caused by any violence, even a slap in the newspaper.
When dogs or cats live in the house, you should gradually accustom the rabbit to their presence, while showing patience and affection.
Caring for a rabbit involves choosing the right place for the cage. The animal house is located away from the battery, drafts. In size, the cage should be at least four times the size of an adult pupil so that the pet is comfortable.
In the cage, a plastic pallet for food is necessarily placed. A tray must be kept clean.
For normal health, the animal needs a varied and complete food. Food should contain a sufficient amount and the right proportion of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals and vitamins.
The best food is green, fragrant hay, haylage. You can use grain mixtures, animal feed.
It is necessary that the cell always has clean, fresh water.
Rabbits are cute, gentle creatures that require careful care. To maintain the health of the baby, it is necessary to observe rational feeding, careful observance of hygiene standards. Psychological contact with the ward is extremely important. Compliance with these requirements will protect the baby from severe stress.
At the same time, the rabbit cannot live in isolation from the environment. He needs to be gradually accustomed to environmental conditions (noise, contacts with people and animals). It also requires attention, patience and care.
Why do rabbits most often fight and bite?
Each animal has its own habits and its own concept of comfort, usually associated with their natural needs.
Since rabbits cannot speak, they express to the owners their wishes or dissatisfaction with the means available to them. Most often, the owner’s bite is a protest against any wrong action on his part.
For example, an animal is simply afraid of it, and tries to limit its communication with it with the help of teeth. In addition, rabbits are distinguished by very low vision, and it is quite difficult for them to distinguish between people visually.
If a rabbit does not understand any action on the part of a person, it causes him either fear or aggression, designed to protect him from a potential threat.
Therefore, before running to the veterinarian with a pet that has bitten you, first try to analyze the situation that provoked the animal to such an action.
By nature, this animal is completely non-aggressive. If you create a favorable living environment for them, pay proper attention to their care, and feed and drink them on time and fully, then they will not bite.
It should be remembered that by their nature, these animals are very shy, and they are afraid of almost everything - loud noises, a sharp change of scenery, new, strangers, and so on.
The rabbit usually gets used to the new owner for about two weeks, and during this period of time the breeder needs to be most careful and gentle, show maximum patience, avoid sudden movements, loud screams and other annoying actions.
How to make friends with a rabbit?
First of all, give your pet rabbit a name. If you constantly call him by his nickname, and at the same time encourage him to treat, he will quickly get used to his nickname and will begin to eagerly respond to him. Give your pet some free time. It helps to establish friendships with the pet, which it is advisable to devote from half an hour to an hour a day.
If you want the rabbit to leave the cage, open its door and wait. If the animal does not come out, it should not be pulled out by force. Rabbits have a strongly developed sense of "their" territory, and to protect it is inherent in nature. He will fight for her, and at the same time not only bites from the side of the rabbit are possible, but also other aggressive actions that can lead to quite significant injuries.
In this regard, rabbitry should be cleaned when the animal voluntarily leaves it.
Many owners are trying to rebuild the rabbit for themselves. They ignore his wishes and needs, and just about what is wrong - they start to beat. This is absolutely wrong behavior! After a very short period of time, the rabbit simply refuses to communicate with you, begins to constantly show aggression, will try in every possible way to hide from you.
Returning its location after this will be extremely difficult. At its core, these are very soft and affectionate pets who value care and friendly attention. In this they are somewhat reminiscent of cats.
Do not forget that the animal needs to be well and properly fed, and also provide him with constant access to clean and fresh water. An animal that eats well is rarely aggressive. Usually there is usually no need to specially care for their coat, they themselves do an excellent job. It is important to maintain the right balance between nutrients, vitamins and minerals in their diet. However, you should not simply fill up the feeder with food, because rabbits do not know the measure in food, and will eat until they are overweight or sick.
Feeding troughs and drinking bowls need to be cleaned before each distribution of food and water. In no case should you give the rest of the feed repeatedly or add a new portion to stagnant water.
Rabbits are rodents, and eating them is a natural activity. Therefore, carrots or other hard vegetables will help to distract them from gnawing something that is not intended for this. It’s impossible to completely wean animals from this habit, because you can’t trample against nature.
Other reasons a rabbit bites a host
If you have several heterosexual animals, then aggression can occur for reasons of a sexual nature.
During the hunt with the rabbit, her behavior changes, and if the male is not allowed to go for a long time, she can bite. However, there is a reverse option. Many people ask: “Why doesn’t the rabbit allow the male to behave aggressively?” This behavior is characteristic of an already pregnant female. In this case, she will snort, bite, snort, fight back, in general, in every way avoid sexual contact. There is also a more banal reason - the female simply did not like the rabbit for something.