Armed with several necessary accessories and some idea of caring for brands and placing them in albums or classrooms, you will discover unlimited possibilities. Sometimes the selection of items that can be included in the collection seems too large, however, there are logical ways to choose what suits you the most.
|Postage stamp "Black Penny" - The first postage stamp in history. Made in black, 1 penny face value|
How to start a collection
There are many different reasons people start collecting stamps.. Some lucky ones inherited from parents or relatives are already ready collectionsso that they can quickly move forward simply by continuing with what the previous owner started. But most have to start from scratch. It can happen very simply.
Suppose, in your correspondence, you come across a brand that seems especially interesting - either reminiscent of a pleasant journey, or depicting something that catches your eye, or related to your work or study. If you want to preserve it, this may be enough for you to decide to create a whole collection dedicated to the topic.
We are naturally prone to gathering, predisposed to collect things that have no practical value, but still decorative and attractive. Stamps as collectibles are diverse, rarity, educational interest and artistic appeal.
Since I saw the light Black Penny, the brands delight us and attract the attention of collectors due to their aesthetic value. They are works of art and examples of engraving craftsmanship, as well as a reflection of cultural and political ideals.
How to collect stamps
Stamps are collected most often on a historical or thematic basis. Under the historical principle of collecting stamps, they are arranged in the order of their releases. So, if the first brand came out in post-revolutionary Russia in 1921, then the stamps of the current year are placed on the album first, placing them in series in the order of issue: first, second issues, etc. Then they have the stamps of 1922, followed by 1923, 1924. etc. Extra and service stamps can be placed either on an equal basis with others by year, or at the end of a notebook reserved for a given country.
In each series, stamps are placed in order of their nominal value: first, for example, a 5-penny stamp, then a 10-penny one, etc. This order in the series can be violated if the brands have an uneven shape and some of they need to be placed in the middle or, conversely, along the edges of the series.
At first, you can collect any stamps. This will provide an opportunity to get acquainted with the whole variety of postage stamps, learn to recognize them and place them in the collection, which will help you orient yourself and choose an interesting topic, as well as determine the method of collecting and designing the collection. For example, when collecting sports brands, the collection must be divided into sports (gymnastics, wrestling, football), and in each form - domestic and foreign.
Preparing stamps for the collection. Stamps must be handled with care: not to wrinkle, not to make any inscriptions on them, to protect from dampness. Do not take stamps with dirty hands. Even seemingly clean hands are always slightly dirty. Therefore, it is best to take stamps with tweezers, which should not have serrated edges. If there is no other tweezers, then its cloves can be ground with a file.
A stamp is considered defective if it is torn, torn, incised or punctured, devoid of at least one clove, is dirty, has a dirty stamp or a greasy stain, thinning (thin spot), faded or faded, has a fracture or is wrinkled. If the mark happens with and without teeth, then the toothless mark is considered defective when it has such narrow fields that, having cut off the teeth of the toothed mark, you need to do the same. The remaining types of marriage are already clear: if the drawing is stripped off, the stamp is damaged, but glued - “repaired”, etc.
Remove stamps from envelopes carefully so as not to damage them. If the brand comes off easily, you can, of course, just take it off the envelope with your hands. It is important to remember the rule: not stamps are peeled off the envelope, but paper is removed from the stamp. Otherwise, the brand may break.
When the stamps are separated from the paper, they are removed from the water and for 10 minutes they are put in another plate with clean water for the final removal of glue from them. Then the stamps on which there is no glue left are removed from the water and placed between sheets of clean paper, preferably blotting, moisture-permeable, and pressed down with a small load. After a few hours, the marks will dry and straighten.
Coalesced marks, soiled marks and marks with paper residues on the back are also soaked. If there is glue on the back of a used brand, it is better to wash it off, otherwise the brand may warp and stick. Glue is not washed off with clean, i.e. quicklime, grades.
Do not stick the entire brand into an album or notebook — you may need to remove it to transfer it to another place or replace it with another brand. Therefore, stamps are attached in the album with the help of special stickers, also called folds, or hinges. You can not use office glue for the manufacture of stickers or gluing stamps. From some varieties of this glue, brands fade.
Collection replenishment. The easiest way to start collecting stamps is to remove them from envelopes. If, for example, your family’s correspondence is not so great, you can ask friends and neighbors not to throw away used envelopes. In addition, secretaries of institutions conducting large correspondence can help with stamped envelopes.
New blank stamps are usually sold at the post office. Various stamps for collections are also sold in bookstores.
As the total number of stamps grows in the collection, doublets will also accumulate, i.e., second copies. These doubles can be given to friends or shared. It is convenient to conduct the exchange in a philatelic club or circle, where there are always those who want to take extra stamps and give theirs in exchange. Usually stamps are exchanged on a piece by piece basis, while rarer ones are exchanged at catalog prices.
Design and storage of the collection. The collection is placed in albums or in the so-called classbooks - special books for storing stamps without sticking.
For the manufacture of the simplest klyasser, you can use any album from very thick paper or cardboard. On the pages of the album, places of future pockets are marked out strictly symmetrically so that the stamps placed in them do not obscure each other. Then stick strips of transparent paper or cellophane and bind.
You need to arrange stamps on the album sheets beautifully, symmetrically. You should not place too many stamps on one page. The years of issue of brands and the names of the series are written finely and not too brightly. After all, the main thing in the album is stamps, not labels.
It is better to stick stamps only on the front side of the album, otherwise, clinging to each other, they will wrinkle and peel off. However, there are cases when it is necessary to stick stamps on both sides of the album sheet. Then sheets of transparent paper are inserted between them.