The tablet market has changed dramatically since the advent of the first iPad. These fundamentally new “apple” gadgets have managed not only to achieve great popularity, but also to oust their main competitors in this niche from the leading positions. And until now, the iPad remains a device on which interesting projects are the first to come out, and which are used equally for leisure and professional activities.
The only significant drawback of "apple" tablets is their high price. But even with a modest budget, you can find a way out - for example, buy a used device. However, such an acquisition has its own nuances, which you should definitely clarify for yourself. Consider the main recommendations regarding the purchase of a used tablet.
For objective reasons, there is a time most suitable for purchase. In particular, immediately after the presentation of new Apple gadgets, owners of obsolete devices are actively getting rid of them, then to buy a new product. In such a period of time there is every chance to find an option in excellent condition and at the same time at a humane price. As a rule, Apple announces an update to the line of tablets in the spring, and therefore it is advisable to start monitoring ads by this time.
What to check when buying an iPad from hand?
For starters, it is important, of course, to find out details about the appearance of the device, its performance and configuration. You should also pay attention to the reason why the gadget is put up for sale. A very low price should alert the buyer, as a fraudulent scheme may be hidden behind such a tempting offer.
Even if the user considers himself versed in the software and is not afraid of devices with outdated iOS or jailbreak, it is strongly recommended to observe the following:
Calls and Messages
Now the SIM card that you have prepared will come in handy. Call from your phone to the purchased one and listen to how well the sound is transmitted. If the sound is too quiet with a full volume indicator - most likely a problem with the speaker. It is solvable, easy enough, but this should already reduce the cost of the phone, since you need to repair it. Go to the messages and send any character from the purchased phone to yourself. SMS has arrived - well, no - there may be problems with the modem. Launch FaceTime, check if it works. Go to the settings and see if the AppleID accounts for iMessage and FaceTime are specified - if specified, the seller will have to delete them. Insert the headphones and check the sound in them. Do not buy a telephone locked to the operator (when it is possible to use it with only one operator). Firstly, the price of such a device is significantly lower (three times less than usual), and secondly, unlocking can be expensive. In addition to blocking the operator, there is also a blacklist. These are mainly phones with unpaid contracts. This will work in the network of another operator, but it is highly likely that the phone may be blocked at any time - operators often exchange blacklist lists (some IMEI checkers indicate a block).
Testing the screen for reaction
The phone screen should respond to touch everywhere within the frame. After checking, you can additionally launch a game, like Subway Surfers, and check the speed of the screen's response to pressing. On 6s / 6s + and above, also check 3DTouch - the phone must determine the pressing force and depending on the force give a different effect - open additional menus directly from the application icons. Also turn on the white background (Notes) and then the dark background (website in the browser) and check the screen for cracks and Kotska at all viewing angles.
Check the phone’s performance under load conditions: launch a resource-intensive application and let it work for a while. At the same time, check the phone is warm. If the phone turns off under load on its own, refuse the purchase. Check if you flick the screen to see if it pushes through. If the phone was under repair and instead of the original screen there is a Chinese copy - when pressed, a slight punching will be felt. This is because of the cheap glue that is used to glue the screen glass to the substrate. Over time, such a screen will peel off. You can also launch the AppStore for verification - if PlayMarket or something else opens in its place - before you again is a fake. The presence of documents to the phone (check from the store) and a box is a big plus, since this set will help you in case of breaking your AppleID. The absence of a cable and a charging unit should also reduce the cost of the phone by at least 2,000 - this is the amount you will buy new ones.
Well, in the end, if all the items satisfied you, and you are ready to buy, be sure to completely reset the phone through the settings (Settings-General-Reset-Erase content and settings). There should be several (about 5-6) reset options in the reset menu - if there are 2-3, then there is a fake in front of you. Also, if during a reset he asks for something about a Google account, then this is also a fake. After resetting the phone, there should be no password request from any account - only an offer to create a new one or log in with your existing one (i.e. enter a new AppleID and password). After resetting in the settings, check the model number - it’s enough to drive it into Yandex or Google and the first links will make it clear what kind of model is in front of you. In general, be very careful, this is your money and in case of fraud it will be a shame.
Phone verification links:
www.icloud.com/activationlock - check for blocking by AppleID.
checkcoverage.apple.com/ru/ru - check by serial number (can be found in the settings).
More services for checking the phone by IMEI (for accuracy, it is better to use several):
Special thanks for adjusting the publication: badun1, Aquahawk.
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What to bring
The arsenal of an ordinary buyer who goes to the place of a potential transaction looks like this:
- laptop (preferably with iTunes installed),
- external battery,
- a smartphone with a stable internet connection,
- working SIM card format that is compatible with the iPhone,
clip to open the SIM tray.
Such a gentleman's set will help to verify the operability of the device.
Check if the iPad is bound to any Apple ID (activation lock)
- Open app Settings and go to the section iCloud (starting from iOS 10, this section is on the menu Apple ID at the very top of the page). No accounts should be listed in this section. The lines for entering the Apple ID must be empty. Otherwise, ask the owner to sign out of their iCloud account with the feature turned off. Find iPhone.
- Be sure to ask the seller in your presence to perform a complete reset and delete content. To do this, run the application Settings and go along the path: "The main» → «Reset", And select"Erase content and settings"(In detail). The device will be reset to factory settings. After rebooting, a welcome screen will appear on the screen. Go through the initial setup steps (language, region, country, and network connection), and then the device starts activation. If the screen asks for the password and identifier of the previous owner, then the device is still tied to his account. If iOS “missed” you on the home screen (desktop) without asking for a password for Apple ID, then the iPad can be used by the new owner.
In the event that someone’s Apple ID is indicated in the iCloud section and the seller refuses to log out of the account and reset the device to factory settings, return the device to the seller - you should not buy such an iPad.
Verify Model Matching
Since it is sometimes difficult to distinguish iPad models from the outset, we recommend that you use the official Apple service to verify warranty eligibility. Where, after entering the serial number, the system will give out the actual name (model) of the device.
iPhone 6 or 6s. We look at the presence of the letter S - this is your main guideline.
iPhone 5 or 5s. Everything is a little more complicated here, because before the release of iPhone 6, Apple released several versions of the same smartphone, and 5 and 5s are very similar in appearance.
IPhone 5s models: A1456, A1507, A1516, A1529, A1532,
IPhone 5 models: A1428, A1429, A1442.
Pay attention to the shape of the camera flash:
For iPhone 5s, it is double in the form of an oval (TrueTone), for iPhone 5 it is round single.
To the Home key:
The iPhone 5s has a TouchID sensor and there is no characteristic white square.
iPhone 4 and 4s. We carefully study the model number indicated in the form of a five-digit code: A1332 or A1349.
IPhone 4 models: A1349, A1332.
IPhone 4s models: A1431, A1387, A1387.
For iPhone 4s, it is on the left and right sides at the top, and for 4S, it is near the headphone jack.
View a detailed description of the appearance of different generations of iPhones on Apple official website. This will help determine “by eye” which model is in front of you and not fall for the scammer’s bait.
Checking the serial number and IMEI will save you from the “self-assembly” smartphone that has passed the procedure of replacing the case from the new donor model to the old one.
Serial Number Verification
The seller with the box always inspires more confidence. But here there are some nuances.
Open Settings - General - About this device and pay attention to two points: Serial number and IMEI.
We take the box, which the seller proudly demonstrates to us, and check the serial number and IMEI.
If the numbers do not match: The box is not from your device. If the seller didn’t mention this in advance - it makes sense to check the iPhone more carefully, or refuse to purchase if the presence of the box is critical.
For the future, selling a device with a box is easier, so never throw it away.
If the numbers match: moving on.
Now we take the branded iSkruka and open the tray with the SIM card. Turn it over and check the numbers.
Note: on iPhone 6, 6s, 6 Plus and 6s Plus, the SIM card tray may not contain a number.
If the numbers do not match: It can be a self-assembly device, or a Refurbrished model. In the first case, it is extremely difficult to understand what is inside the device. Secondly, the device was purchased clearly below the market price, and Apple itself worked on troubleshooting.
Prices for devices from the Refubrished category you will find here.
Found a lining substrate in the form of a circuit? This is Gevey-SIM and we will talk about it below.
If the numbers match: advice and love - move on.
Look at the IMEI engraved on the back of the smartphone and also compare it with the box, SIM tray and settings menu.
Now we will use the services to check IMEI and learn a little more about the smartphone. Three sites will help in this:iphoneimei.info, imei.info and www.chipmunk.nl. To calm the soul, check immediately for three.
By specifying the IMEI number, you will receive complete information about the device, ranging from technical specifications, model number, color of the case, and up to the release date.
Remember, the information provided by the seller must be true. Otherwise, immodest questions beg.
Locked, unlocked and what does it mean
IPhone Category Neverlock (not unlocked) - works with any operators in any compatible networks without dancing with a tambourine.
Category Lock (locked) - as a rule, is sold under the terms of the contract and is tied to a specific operator. The work of SIM-cards of our operators without additional settings is not supported.
Category Softunlock - unlocked software iPhone.
Friendly advice - always buy neverlock. Savings of $ 100-150 subsequently turn into a headache. It is difficult to sell such a device, to throw it away is a pity, it will become impossible to use over time.
How to understand that iPhone is locked? There are a number of signs:
- The backing circuit is installed in the SIM card tray. it Gevey-sim, which allows you to bypass the binding to a specific operator.
The thing is very demanding on the version of iOS and requires constant updating in case of firmware upgrade (costs around 10-30 dollars).
- iPhone supports the latest firmware version (at the time of writing this article is iOS 9), but the seller is categorically against the update. You can find out whether the device supports the latest version of iOS at Apple official website(scroll to the bottom).
- Open Settings - General - About this device. Pay attention to the item Operator.
In this place should be the name of the operator whose SIM card is now installed in the iPhone. If only Beeline and MTS are operating on the territory of the country, the inscription Verizon or Carrier automatically means that the device is locked.
- You can understand that the device is locked during reboot. Ask the owner to restart the smartphone and pay attention to how long he has been catching the network, is it necessary to call some number to activate it.
Hardware and “Does Everything Work?”
If the iPhone has successfully passed all the previous stages of verification, you can temporarily exhale - in front of you Unlocked, not a self-assembled device with an exact model.
It's time for a total inspection and verification of the hardware of the device. And there is where to roam.
Body. Scuffs, dents and roughness are not critical, but damage to areas where the antenna module lies can cause poor communication. Dents or chips indicate that the iPhone has fallen and you can’t guarantee its continued failure-free operation.
Screws. On the edge where the 30-pin port or Lightning port is located, there are two asterisk screws. Make sure they are in the correct shape without damage or scratches.
Otherwise, the smartphone opened.
Hardware keys. Pay particular attention to this item. Replacing failed keys is an expensive pleasure.
- Lock Lever / Mute. Does it turn on / off freely, does it hang out. Turning on / off should be accompanied by a vibration response.
Shake your smartphone in your hand - a loose switch Mute speaks of its possible imminent demise. Feel free to turn it on and off several times.
Home key. Press the Home key several times. Open with a dozen applications and then roll them off one by one. It should react from the first press and, in no case, stick.
TouchID Sensor (if there is). Ask to configure the scanner for your finger and check its reaction. Whether he reads the print with lightning speed or refuses to work at all.
Volume keys. Make sure that pressing is accompanied by a characteristic elastic click, and the volume control bar immediately appears on the screen.
Power Key. Lock your phone several times. Hold Power and turn off the iPhone completely, and then turn it on. Reacts? It means everything is OK.
Camera. Visually inspect the camera eye. Is there any dust, condensation or debris inside (especially the iPhone 5 / 5s models sinned). Take some pictures.
The color temperature of photographs should be true: blue or yellow indicates damage to the sensor.
Screen. First of all, inspect the screen for broken pixels - black dots or dots with a "rainbow color" regardless of the displayed image. Turn off and turn on the smartphone. At the time of switching on, take a closer look at the screen (preferably in a dark room or covering it with palms). Pay attention to the uniformity of the backlight.
Open Settings - Screen and brightness and change the brightness from minimum to maximum and vice versa. Does the brightness change at all stages?
Try with confident, but not strong clicks around the entire perimeter of the screen to identify an extraneous crunch or creak. The presence of such may indicate that the screen is changed.
Sensor. Tap on one of the icons and hold until you enter the editing mode (the icons will start to tremble). Slowly and smoothly move around the entire perimeter of the screen, observing the smoothness of movement. Jitter at certain points or refusal to move (jumps, jerks) indicate that the sensor may be damaged.
Open the keyboard in any of the applications and check each key - this will help determine if there are any “dead zones” on the screen sensor.
Geolocation. Run the application Cards and determine your current location. Pre-enable GPS in the menu Settings - Privacy - Location Services.
Battery. Turn on the display of the percentage of battery status by opening the menu Settings - Battery - Percentage Charge (on old firmware: Settings - Basic - Statistics - Charge as a percentage).
Remember the percentage value and launch the camera application. Shoot for 1.5–2 minutes. A 2–5% discharge indicates a normal battery condition. If in a few minutes the battery runs out by 10 percent or more - immediately after purchase you will find a replacement battery.
Phone. Ask to install your SIM card (note that it must be cropped to the appropriate format). What format in which smartphone can be found on Apple official website.
Dial a friend or friend and talk for a few minutes. Pay attention to audibility (both ways), the quality of communication, change the speaker volume, turn on the speakerphone.
Headphone port. Connect the headphones and make sure that when turning the plug there is no extraneous noise and crackling, both channels are playing (left-right), the plug does not drop out of the port. The main thing is to make sure that your headphones themselves are working.
Check the behavior of the device at maximum volume, for which remove the restriction from the item: Settings - Music - Volume Limit.
Speaker. Прислушайтесь к звучанию динамика. Не хрипит ли он, не искажает ли звук (признак утопленника – об этом ниже). Для объективной оценки воспользуйтесь встроенными рингтонами, имеющими правильный баланс.
Обратите внимание, что у всех iPhone только ОДИН ДИНАМИК. Поэтому вторая решетка на корпусе, присущая моделям iPhone 3g, 3gs, 4, 4s, 5 и 5s выполняет лишь роль диффузора. Динамика там нет.
Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. Once again for beginners: Bluetooth on iPhone DOES NOT TRANSFER files to other smartphones. This is normal. To check the functionality of the module, connect a wireless speaker or headset.
Connect to any available Wi-Fi point (you can create an access point from your smartphone by switching it to Modem mode) and check the Internet is working.
Connect to iTunes, charge. Connect your smartphone to your laptop and make sure iTunes has detected the iPhone. This is an extra confirmation that you have the original device. Did the charging process go and in general, does the smartphone respond to the connection to an external battery or laptop.
Drowned or not?
Almost every buyer is afraid of this. In appearance, the perfect iPhone may have a sad "water past." In other words, a drowned man. The worst thing is that if a potential seller managed to dry it quickly, then the device will work for several more months. And then…
Let's not talk about sad things. On the official site of Apple there is a whole section devoted to the so-called "red markers".
These are tiny strips that allow you to determine whether the device was in direct contact with water. Any moisture ingress is not a warranty case. All information about such red marks is here.
Before giving money
Required require the owner to disable the function Find iPhone and perform a full reset of the device with you. Then set up your iPhone Like New and make sure there’s no trace of your previous Apple ID in your settings.
To do this, check the following menu items: Settings - iCloud and Settings - iTunes Store and Apple Store. In both cases, the fields with the account name must be empty.
You can check the binding on the iCloud service. Open site icloud.com and in the bottom menu of the page find the item Check lock and activation status.
Enter the IMEI or device serial number and click Continue.
The screenshot option proposed above and the consistent implementation of all points of this instruction is the guarantee that the purchase will be profitable and the iPhone will not disappoint the new owner.
Be vigilant and have a good shopping.
Come to our friends I’ll sell, only there you can buy an original iPhone for only 12,000 rubles!
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Check if the version matches (storage capacity, availability of SIM card slot)
Do not forget about the configuration (version) of the tablet. You can check whether the characteristics indicated by the seller meet the real ones, in the "Settings» → «The main» → «About this device". Externally, tablets with 16 GB and 128 GB on board do not differ at all, so you need to play it safe and see for yourself that the owner has not lied about his gadget.
In addition, keep in mind that the volume of the drive indicated by the manufacturer on the box will not be available to the user in full. So, for example, on the iPad version with a 16 GB drive, only about 11 GB will be available in the settings, on the 32 GB version - about 27 GB. Why is this happening we described in detail in this material.
If the seller indicated support for cellular networks (cellular), then pay attention to the presence on the side of the slot for a SIM card. In addition, at the top of the iPad with 4G support (cellular version) there is a plastic insert.
Check the functionality of the interfaces (Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Lightning)
Since access to Wi-Fi today is extremely important for all owners of mobile equipment without exception, you should check the operation of the corresponding module. This can only be done if it is possible to connect to a wireless network. It will not be superfluous to see if the Bluetooth and 3G chips are working properly (you need to insert a SIM card with Internet traffic).
Check the functionality of the Lightning connector - try recharging the iPad. Be sure to check the operation of the audio jack. For the latter, it is desirable to have headphones with you (there are no headphones included with the iPad).
Check screen, physical buttons and speakers
Since the Home button often breaks on the iPad, you should make sure that everything is in order with it. It is important not to forget about checking the screen for the absence of dead zones. As a rule, the sensor first stops working correctly along the edges of the display. You can check its performance by running any graphic editor and drawing in it in different areas of the screen.
Even a slight detachment of the screen from the case may indicate that the device’s battery has deteriorated and began to bloat. This will not end in anything good, and therefore you should see if there are any defects of this kind in the presence. Remember that the surface of the iPad should be flat.
Finally, to avoid excesses, you need to listen to how the speaker works.
By following these tips, you can avoid many mistakes and difficulties when choosing a used iPad. Remember that verification should not be neglected even when buying new devices, but for used gadgets.