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Boxwood - simple propagation by cuttings


Boxwood is a very popular decorative and deciduous shrub. It is widely used for landscaping garden and garden plots in park design. This is an expensive plant. Therefore, having one adult specimen, it is advisable to engage in its reproduction independently.

It reproduces well vegetatively. Cuttings in any quantity can be easily prepared after the planned forming pruning of the bush.

In the article you will learn all about the propagation of boxwood by cuttings at home and the care of seedlings.

When is it better to cuttings and what is required for this

Cuttings of boxwood for reproduction can be cut:

  • In the middle of spring,
  • During the planned cutting of green spaces in late June,
  • In September.

Most often, boxwood propagation by cuttings is carried out in the spring.

Cut cuttings root equally well, regardless of the time of their harvesting. But further care for rooted young plants depends on the timing of the cuttings.

To cut boxwood cuttings and then prepare them for rooting, garden secateurs and a small sharp knife needed.

Secateurs carry out the cutting of the bush, cut the handle with a knife for further planting in the ground.

Before rooting the cuttings, it is necessary to prepare the containers and the soil mixture for them. Cuttings can be planted in a container or in separate pots. It is important that the containers are deep enough - at least 10 cm. A mixture of garden soil with peat in equal parts is suitable as soil for rooting cuttings. Sometimes, instead of peat, coarse washed sand is used.

Which cuttings are better to take

For the successful reproduction of boxwood, semi-lignified cuttings are chosen. Green or, conversely, too old and dense parts of the shoots take root much worse or do not form roots at all.

Cuttings are cut from 10 to 15 cm long using a garden pruner.

Most often, the apical parts of shoots are used. They take root faster and then grow better.

A lower cut near the kidney is made at an angle to increase the surface on which the roots will form. The cut should be smooth, so it is made with a sharp garden knife. In addition, several longitudinal incisions of the bark up to 1 cm long can be made in the lower part of the handle.

As a rule, boxwood cuttings do not take root well. Not all of them take root and grow. Therefore, for successful rooting, they are soaked for a day in a solution of a root stimulant.

And you can dip their lower part into the water before disembarking into the ground, and then into the stimulant powder. This will increase the number of rooted cuttings. If this drug is not used, then less than half of them take root.

Amazing decoration for your garden

Boxwood tall varieties are usually used in garden design to create hedges. All types and varieties of this plant are characterized by very slow growth, but there are pros and cons to this. Slow growth of bushes allows you not to trim the hedge too often. Boxwood figures also retain their shape for a very long time. Boxwood is ideal for forming haircuts and the plant tolerates it very well. In any case, boxwood needs a haircut to make the bushes look neat.

Many gardeners do not know how to propagate boxwood on their site in a short time. In fact, growing a lot of bushes is easy. In the process of cutting bushes, a lot of trimmings are obtained - this is a gratuitous planting material. If you want to propagate a lot of boxwood in your area, then do not throw away “waste” after cutting the bushes, but try to propagate boxwood with cuttings. Completely free and very fast, you can make boxwood propagation by cuttings after pruning bushes by typing them in a park or park.

Choose the time for cuttings

Boxwood bushes should be regularly trimmed. Typically, the plant is sheared every four weeks all season - from April to October. The branches (usually the tops of the shoots) that remain after the haircut can be rooted at almost any time, but still not every month is suitable for cuttings. From August to September, you will not be able to plant cuttings in the ground, as they will not have time to take root and take root. Most likely, boxwood, planted at the end of summer - the beginning of autumn, will die from the cold, never having time to get stronger. Although gardeners still do not throw away trimmings after the autumn haircut, they root the boxwood in drawers, which they put in a cool place with a plus temperature. To cuttings rooted in boxes rooted over the winter, they need a little heat and a lot of light. If we talk about the spring planting of cuttings, then the April and May branches can also die. The fact is that young spring shoots do not yet have time to ripen by the time of the first haircut. The best time to root boxwood cuttings is the period from June to July. The rooted cuttings of boxwood in the middle of summer manage to take root and grow stronger, and usually they tolerate winter well.

Cutting cuttings

Trimming boxwood on the cuttings is carried out only with a sharp tool. Well, if you can cut branches about 20 cm long. It is best to cut the cuttings from the bottom of the bush, as it is desirable that the branches be at least a year old. It’s great if you can cut young twigs into cuttings. It is important to know! Lignified boxwood twigs for propagation by cuttings will not work! From the cut cuttings it is necessary to cut off a few lower leaves, freeing at least two internodes. After that, the thin bark on the cuttings in their lower part needs to be slightly damaged - you can scratch it with a needle or a fingernail. During rooting, callus is formed on the damaged part of the cuttings, from which the roots will grow.

Preparation of the substrate for rooting

If you will root boxwood cuttings in boxes, then they must be filled with specially prepared soil mix. The substrate for rooting cuttings is prepared as follows: part of the turfy earth, part of the leaf and part of the sand are mixed. You should have a light, airy substrate that is well permeable by water and air. In such soil, cuttings will be easier to take root.

Planting cuttings

To plant boxwood cuttings, you need to choose a shaded place. Boxes with cuttings must be brought into the shade, and if you plant boxwood immediately in the open ground, then the area must be shady. Cuttings are planted at a distance of 10 cm from each other. You can plant twigs in several rows, leaving about 20 cm between rows. If you plant boxwood in small pots, then two or three cuttings should be planted in one pot.
When cutting, all boxes and landings in the open ground must be tightened with a transparent film. So you create a microclimate that will not depend on weather conditions. When planting, cuttings are simply stuck in the ground, and then watered. It is necessary to deepen the stalk by 5-6 cm. It is advisable to stand the branches in the growth stimulator before planting in order to accelerate root formation. Approximately two months after the planting of the axillary cuttings, the roots will appear on them and young plants will grow.

Proper care

The basis of care for planted twigs is to keep the soil constantly moist. To maintain optimal humidity in the plantings, you need to spray them two to three times every day. Periodically, a homemade greenhouse must be ventilated so that the plants receive oxygen. A very important condition - the branches should not be in contact with each other, nor with shelter. There should be free space around each seedling.

If the leaves or shoots come in contact with the shelter or with neighboring seedlings, then rot may appear due to increased humidity in the greenhouse. If you find a rotting area on the axle box, but the affected area should be carefully cut with scissors. Usually, parts of the leaves begin to rot.

Two weeks after planting, the buxus will begin to start roots. After about a month and a half, the plants form the root system. After two months, you can remove the greenhouse. Watering of landings is carried out as the soil dries up, trying to keep the soil moist all the time.

Boxwood landing in a permanent place

Two months after planting, the branches of the axiom form a fully developed root system. At this time, they can be transplanted to a permanent place in the garden. If the cuttings were carried out in the middle of summer, then the boxwood will take root and winter well already at the first cold weather in a new place.

This plant prefers fertile soil, although it may come to terms with depleted soil. If your site has poor, sandy soil, then before planting the axle in a permanent place, mature compost should be added to the ground. The soil in the selected area should be loose, well permeable to oxygen and water. In no case should boxwood be planted in areas in the lowlands where water stagnates. To conditions of illumination, the buxus is not a demanding plant, and the bright sun and the shadow tolerate equally well.

The boxwood is planted according to the same rules as the planting of other shrubs. The ripened compost is added to the planting pit, the plant is lowered, the roots are straightened and covered with earth, it is well shed. The seedlings are deepened to the depth at which they grew in the greenhouse. Be sure to mulch young bushes, as the mulch will retain moisture in the soil and prevent weed grass from growing. Sawdust, foliage, mowed grass, straw or peat are suitable as mulching material.

Transplant Care

For a month after transplanting, young plants can not be fertilized. You should only very abundantly water the bushes. In no case should the earth dry out under a young bush. Since the planting of rooted cuttings in the open ground in the garden will occur most likely already in the autumn, care should be taken so that the plants survive the winter. The soil under young bushes can be mulched with a thick layer of fallen leaves or peat. If there are severe frosts in your region, then it is worth wrapping the seedlings with agrofibre or at least burlap so that they do not freeze.

How boxwood reproduces

Boxwood reproduction is usually done in two ways: seed and vegetative.

The seed method gives good results. Sprouts hatching from the seeds grow quite quickly and during the season they manage to turn into small (10-15 cm) bushes. But the reproduction of boxwood seeds has several disadvantages:

  • Seeds very quickly lose their germination. Therefore, only very fresh seeds can be sown - from the previous year's crop.
  • Boxwood seeds have low germination. Even their presowing treatment with growth stimulants does not give a noticeable improvement in germination. Usually only a third of the seeds germinate.
  • Since boxwood plants undergo regular shearing and flower removal for better crown formation, fruit ripening on such plants becomes difficult. To get seeds for sowing, you need to rid one or several plants of the haircut for the entire season, which, of course, will not affect its decorative qualities in the best way.

Cuttings of boxwood from this point of view looks more attractive, since it gives much more new root-growing seedlings. Small boxwood twigs are placed in a nutrient substrate and soon new young plants are obtained from them on their own roots.

There is another way to propagate boxwood: by rooting green layers. To do this, several young twigs close to the ground are bent and covered with earth. By the end of the season, roots form in places of contact with the soil. After this, layering can be safely cut off from the mother bush and planted as independent plants.

Boxing cuttings

To propagate boxwood cuttings at home, you need to know a few simple rules.

Cuttings can be carried out from spring to autumn. In autumn, cuttings root better, but at the same time they do not have enough time even for growth. Such seedlings have to be planted in pots and kept at home in a cool place until spring. On the contrary, in the spring-summer period, cuttings of boxwood, although it gives a percentage of rooting a little lower than autumn, but allows you to get strong grown seedlings by autumn. At the same time, young plants become able to winter in the open ground.

For cuttings, it is necessary to cut branches with a sharp secateurs 10-20 cm long. Cut them better from the bottom of the bush. Twigs should be one or two years old, well ripened, but not numb. Twigs should be cleaned of several lower leaves, freeing at least two internodes. After that, you need to slightly damage the bark of the stem - slightly draw along it along the needle, with your fingernail. Subsequently, callus is formed on such grooves, from which the roots will grow. Boxwood cuttings can be treated with root stimulants before planting, but this is not necessary. Boxwood already has a good ability to root.

Boxwood cuttings cannot be placed for rooting in water and must not be dried before rooting. This will lead to their death. Boxwood refers to those plants that need to be rooted only in the ground.

If you are going to carry out the reproduction of boxwood at home, then for grafting you need to take wide pots with large holes in the bottom. This will avoid stagnation in the pot of excess moisture, as it harms the plants. The soil in which the cuttings will take root should be light and breathable. You can use a mixture of turf land, peat and sand.

Cuttings are planted on the shaded area, 10 cm from each other. You can plant them in several rows, leaving a distance between rows of at least 20 cm. When planting in pots, 1-4 cuttings are placed in each.

When cutting boxwood, planted twigs are best covered with a film or non-woven material. This will help create a future microclimate climate seedlings, independent of external conditions. Planting should be moderate, but regularly watered. After about 2 months, the first sign of the successful rooting of the cuttings will appear - the plants will start growing and form new leaves.

The most unpretentious when grafting, ordinary boxwood is evergreen (Búxus sempervírens). Variegated varieties require closer attention. When drying, waterlogging, or minor damage to the roots, they can lose leaves.

The rooted boxwood seedlings can be planted in a permanent place or (in the autumn cuttings) left in pots until spring. Young plants in the open ground must be very carefully prepared for the first winter. The soil around them can be mulched with mature compost or needles. If the winters in the region are harsh, but it is necessary to provide shelter - from non-woven material or plywood boxes with holes. In winter, young plantings should be covered with snow.

Watch the technology of boxwood propagation by cuttings on the video installed at the end of the article.

What to choose

We examined several methods of boxwood reproduction: seeds, cuttings and green layering. Undoubtedly, the most productive is cuttings.

If there are certain problems with the presence of seeds and lower layers in shorn boxwood bushes, then with cuttings everything is much simpler:

  • Cuttings can be cut from your own previously purchased plants.
  • You can buy inexpensively or even get free from other owners of boxwood plants after the next haircut.
  • You can pick them up completely free in the park while cutting hedges and topiary.

The most important thing is not to dry the cuttings and put them in time for rooting in time. And believe me, the results of your efforts will delight you with healthy and beautiful boxwood plants for many years.

Rooting cuttings boxwood

Let's consider how to root a boxwood from a shank. After processing the cuttings, they are planted in pots for rooting. Tanks should have several drainage holes. A drainage layer 1-1.5 cm thick is laid at their bottom. Then the pots are filled with an earthen mixture and slightly compacted.

Up to 5 boxwood cuttings can be planted in one round pot. To do this, in a circle closer to the edge of the pot make deep holes with a pencil or wooden stick.

Then the cuttings are inserted into these holes so that the entire exposed part of them is found underground. Only the tops of cuttings with leaves remain on the surface. The earth in the pot is compacted and watered.

Cuttings are best rooted under glass jars or foil. But sometimes they are left uncovered, although the percentage of rooting in this case is significantly lower. Boxwood cuttings root only in the ground. You can’t put them in water, because they will not take root and die.

Seedling Care

Boxwood cuttings planted in pots should be abundantly watered. They do not tolerate drying out of the soil and die quickly from this. It is necessary that the earth in pots with seedlings always remain wet. But you can not fill them. Excess water should drain through drainage holes.

Lighting seedlings should be scattered and very moderate. They can not be kept in the sun even a few hours a day.

It’s best to put the pots in the shade or partial shade.. With intense lighting, boxwood cuttings quickly die without forming roots. Температура в процессе укоренения должна быть выше 20ºС.

Если черенки укореняют под банками или в контейнере под пленкой, необходимо ежедневно открывать саженцы на 1-2 часа для проветривания. Это позволит избежать переувлажнения и загнивания. Then they are again placed under glass or film to create a constant increased humidity around the seedling. Under such conditions, cuttings take root much faster than outdoors.

Methods of breeding Kalanchoe

The rooting rate of boxwood cuttings can be different. Some take root and go to growth 3 weeks after planting. Others with the same care can remain rootless for up to 7 weeks. Rooted young plants throw fresh leaves and begin to branch actively.

By the autumn, small bushes grow from boxwood cuttings. Depending on the period of cuttings, they are planted in the ground or left to winter in a closed heated room.

When can I plant a plant in the garden?

If the cuttings were prepared and rooted in the spring or summer, then by the fall they will already be strong enough to survive the frosts. Such plants can be carefully transplanted into the ground in early autumn.

Experienced gardeners practice rooting spring and summer cuttings on beds in open groundso that in the fall they do not require a transplant.

Spring and summer cuttings can also be left in pots for growing indoors. In this case, they are transplanted into the ground in the spring.

Cuttings cut in September will not be able to take root well in the winter, so they are always planted only in pots.

With the onset of cold weather, they are taken to the house and grown during the winter, like houseplants.

Already by spring, such specimens grow well and get stronger. With the onset of spring heat, they are planted in flower beds or in the garden.

Other methods of boxwood reproduction

At home, boxwood is almost always propagated vegetatively. Cuttings of boxwood allows you to quickly get a lot of young plants to design a personal plot. But there is another way to reproduce boxwood - seeds.

This method is quite time-consuming, so it is almost never used at home. The purchased boxwood seeds must first be germinated, and only then planted in the ground.

After that, they are laid out between two moistened paper towels. With regular wetting of the paper and a temperature above 21 ° C, the seeds germinate within a month.

Seeds with sprouts are carefully planted in a container filled with a mixture of peat and sand. The soil is moistened, and the container is covered with a film. Shoots appear 3 weeks after planting seeds. After that, the film is removed.

Seedlings need warmth, diffused lighting and regular moistening of the soil. They are grown in a container for 2 years until their height reaches 15 cm. After this, young boxwood bushes can be planted in open ground in mid-spring.

Now you know how to propagate boxwood cuttings at home.

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